Everything You Need To Know About Nyc Local Law 87

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Building proprietors must be aware of what is required of them as the due date for complying with New York City (NYC) Local Law 87 approaches. Property administrators have a major duty to ensure adherence to local rules and regulations. To prevent costly penalties and fines, it's important to remain at the forefront of compliance obligations in advance.

In this article, we explore ˜what is Local Law 87', which was approved and passed in 2009 and aimed to increase the energy usage of structures or buildings in New York City.


What Is Local Law 87 In NYC?

According to NYC Local Law 87 (LL87), building structures larger than 50,000 square feet in NYC must undergo energy efficiency evaluations and retro-commissioning once a decade.

The essential components of LL87 that building proprietors should be familiar with are:

- Energy Audit: An energy system audit in NYC will uncover sites or areas of your building facility where energy conservation is possible.

- Retro-Commissioning: Retro-commissioning entails enhancing the efficiency and minimizing the energy wastage of your building's current infrastructure.

- Local Law 87 Energy Efficiency Report: By the due date specified by the Department of Buildings (DOB), you must file a local law 87 Energy Efficiency Report (EER). The findings from the retro-commissioning assessment and energy usage audit must be included in this report.


Local Law 87 NYC: What Buildings Does It Cover?

The buildings beyond a particular size are the focus of LL84 and LL87 because it might be impossible to collect data for every building in NYC. Both laws applied to all structures satisfying any one of the following conditions when they were initially introduced in 2009:

- At least 10,000 sq. ft of floor area in building structures managed and controlled by the NYC.

- Private building structures with at least 50,000 sq. ft of surface area

- Assemblages of buildings with an aggregate floor space of a minimum of 100,000 ft2 are owned or financed through a single tax account.

Remember that Local Law 133, which lowered the bar for some private constructions, modified LL84 in 2016. Since 2018, energy audit has become mandatory for all NYC buildings, with a minimum floor area of 25,000 sq. ft.

However, no amendments or modifications were made to the local law 87 NYC outlines back then. Go to the Office of Sustainability site of NYC's Mayor and navigate to the Green Buildings & Energy Efficiency page. It will help those who own property determine whether these requirements apply to their buildings.

All structures governed by LL84 and its subsequent modifications are obligated to report their energy usage. However, if the property has had a self-testing water meter for a minimum of a whole year prior to the data filing date, water usage data won't be necessary.


NYC Local Law 87 Due Dates: When Is Compliance Needed?

Not all structures must be in line with regulations within the same deadline. The final two numbers of your building's block number determine the due date. The following local law 87 due dates apply for:


Block Number Last Digit

Compliance Due Date


December 31, 2023


December 31, 2022


December 31, 2021


December 31, 2020


You could face penalties or fines when you fail to submit your EER within these deadlines. You will be penalized $30,000 when your building doesn't comply within the first year. You will be charged an extra $6,000 annually following that. The denial of building permits is one of the extra punishments.

For the original file, filing fees start at just $375. Extension petitions cost $155, and report revisions cost $145. Keep in mind that by complying with these standards and submitting, you'll not just protect yourself from possible financial fines and development constraints but also reduce your utility costs.


Local Law 87 New York City: Steps To Finish an Energy Audit


Step 1: Recruit a Competent Energy Auditing Provider:

The initial move is to find an experienced energy auditor with certification from the Association of Energy Engineers (AEE), the Building Performance Institute (BPI), or other recognized institutions.

The professional auditor will assess the HVAC system, the electrical system, the structure envelope, and any additional energy-consuming equipment within your facility to devise a local law 87 compliance consulting solution.


Step 2: Do an On-Site Tour:

The energy audit team will drop by the premises to evaluate the state and functionality of its energy infrastructure. To find chances for reductions in energy use, the auditor will examine utility statements, speak with building administrators, and do inspections.


Step 3: Put Data Together and Conduct Analysis:

To find chances for savings on energy usage, the certified energy auditor will assemble the data collected during the site inspection and conduct a review of it.

The evaluation will involve comparing the structure's energy consumption to comparable structures and locating suitable energy-saving measures (ECMs).


Step 4: Report Creation

The energy auditor will provide a thorough report summarizing what was discovered during the audit. The report will comprise an exhaustive list of ECMs along with cost-benefit evaluations, estimates of energy savings, and setting up suggestions.


Local Law 87 Compliance Solutions: Energy Audit & Retro-Commissioning

The local law 87 compliance solutions paper contains a full description of the specifications for the energy audit and retro-commissioning, which can be summed up as follows:


Compliance Solution


Energy Audit

- List every possible action that might decrease the building's running expenses.

- For every measure, determine the yearly savings, deployment expenses, and payback timeframes.

- Check the uniformity of the building data collected from benchmarking (LL84).

- Classification of energy use by system and estimation of energy use following the adoption of the suggested solutions.

- An overall analysis of how tenant-owned large equipment affects the energy usage of the basic building systems.


- Procedures for calibration, sequencing, and operation.

- Maintenance and upkeep

- Instruction and record-keeping


The local law 87 Energy Efficiency Report (EER), which needs to be presented within the year indicated by the final digit of the tax identification number belonging to the building, is produced using the data from the audit of energy efficiency and retro-commissioning.


Local Law 87 NYC Penalties & Fines

A violation or breach is the inevitable outcome of non-submission and carries a $3,000 first-year fee and a $5,000 annual fine afterward. Local law 87 must be upheld, and the Department of Buildings considers non-compliance to be a class 2 offense. Additionally, the DOB plans to assess the legal documentation that has been filed randomly.


Energy Audit & Retro-Commissioning: What Benefits Do They Entail?

- Energy expenses might be considered in buildings that squander energy. The faster you devise a compliance solution, the more money you can save on energy expenses.

- An energy-efficient structure improves both its own and its occupants' comfort while preserving interior air quality. It elevates the resale value of the structure and aids in achieving an excellent occupancy rate.

- It's critical to conduct a complete analysis of your structure and find any energy waste because NYC Local Law 97 restricts greenhouse gas emissions from structures.


NYC Local Law 87 Compliance Filing

The first filing charge for NYC Local Law 87 conformity is as low as $375; further fees of $155 for petitions for extensions and $145 for essential report revisions are subsequently added. 

It's a modest fee to pay to maintain good status with the city, save money on energy expenditures, and prevent having your building permits denied as opposed to the expenses involved with non-compliance.


Picking the Right Local Law 87 Provider in NYC

To individuals with little experience in an energy audit and retro-commissioning, the task of finding a specialist can look difficult. How should you phrase your questions? How would you know whether they can assist you in lowering your carbon footprint to the required levels by 2030 and/or 2024 to comply with LL97?

No worries! Here is an array of inquiries you can pose to prospective providers to arrive at an informed choice, maximize the benefits of LL87 compliance, and prepare for LL97 compliance.

- When did you start offering LL87 services?

- How soon can you execute the retro-commissioning and energy audit I need?

- Have you recently hired any Registered Architects (RA) or Professional Engineers (PE)?

- What method do you use for energy audits and retro-commissioning?

- What should you do after completing the LL87 energy audit and retro-commissioning?

- What strategy do you use for high-performance structures?



Here are the requirements for LL87's energy audit and retro-commissioning:

- Identify whether a building requires to conform and the deadline year.

- Perform an energy audit, retro-commission the fundamental building systems, and digitally finish the Energy Efficiency Report (EER).

- By December 31 of each decade, deliver the EER to the City.

You don't have to feel confused after reading about these prerequisites. Enjoy a relaxed state of mind knowing that your facility complies by working with a qualified group of skilled HVAC professionals, like React Industries.


Frequently Asked Questions “


What exactly is an energy audit?

An energy efficiency audit reviews a building's operations, systems, exterior, and energy-related equipment. It pinpoints areas for improving energy efficiency and makes suggestions for energy-saving tactics.


Why do you need to perform an energy audit?

- It determines all practical steps, such as capital improvements, that should reduce the energy use of your building.

- It checks whether the comparative results correspond with the EPA Portfolio Manager tool.

- It tells the anticipated energy savings following the adoption of the suggested actions.


What is the purpose of a retro-commissioning evaluation?

Following careful analysis, testing, and repairs, retro-commissioning ensures that every system operates effectively, saving energy and the owner's money. 

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