Building proprietors must be aware of what is required of
them as the due date for complying with New York City (NYC) Local Law 87
approaches. Property administrators have a major duty to ensure adherence to
local rules and regulations. To prevent costly penalties and fines, it's
important to remain at the forefront of compliance obligations in advance.
In this article, we explore â€˜what is Local Law 87', which
was approved and passed in 2009 and aimed to increase the energy usage of
structures or buildings in New York City.
What Is Local Law 87 In NYC?
According to NYC Local Law 87 (LL87), building structures
larger than 50,000 square feet in NYC must undergo energy efficiency
evaluations and retro-commissioning once a decade.
The essential components of LL87 that building proprietors
should be familiar with are:
- Energy Audit: An energy system audit in NYC will uncover
sites or areas of your building facility where energy conservation is possible.
- Retro-Commissioning: Retro-commissioning entails enhancing
the efficiency and minimizing the energy wastage of your building's current
- Local Law 87 Energy Efficiency Report: By the due date
specified by the Department of Buildings (DOB), you must file a local law 87
Energy Efficiency Report (EER). The findings from the retro-commissioning
assessment and energy usage audit must be included in this report.
Local Law 87 NYC: What Buildings Does It Cover?
The buildings beyond a particular size are the focus of LL84
and LL87 because it might be impossible to collect data for every building in
NYC. Both laws applied to all structures satisfying any one of the following
conditions when they were initially introduced in 2009:
- At least 10,000 sq. ft of floor area in building
structures managed and controlled by the NYC.
- Private building structures with at least 50,000 sq. ft of
- Assemblages of buildings with an aggregate floor space of
a minimum of 100,000 ft2 are owned or financed through a single tax account.
Remember that Local Law 133, which lowered the bar for some
private constructions, modified LL84 in 2016. Since 2018, energy audit has
become mandatory for all NYC buildings, with a minimum floor area of 25,000 sq.
However, no amendments or modifications were made to the
local law 87 NYC outlines back then. Go to the Office of Sustainability site of
NYC's Mayor and navigate to the Green Buildings & Energy Efficiency page.
It will help those who own property determine whether these requirements apply
to their buildings.
All structures governed by LL84 and its subsequent
modifications are obligated to report their energy usage. However, if the
property has had a self-testing water meter for a minimum of a whole year prior
to the data filing date, water usage data won't be necessary.
NYC Local Law 87 Due Dates: When Is Compliance Needed?
Not all structures must be in line with regulations within
the same deadline. The final two numbers of your building's block number
determine the due date. The following local law 87 due dates apply for:
Block Number Last Digit
Compliance Due Date
December 31, 2023
December 31, 2022
December 31, 2021
December 31, 2020
You could face penalties or fines when you fail to submit
your EER within these deadlines. You will be penalized $30,000 when your
building doesn't comply within the first year. You will be charged an extra
$6,000 annually following that. The denial of building permits is one of the
For the original file, filing fees start at just $375.
Extension petitions cost $155, and report revisions cost $145. Keep in mind
that by complying with these standards and submitting, you'll not just protect
yourself from possible financial fines and development constraints but also
reduce your utility costs.
Local Law 87 New York City: Steps To Finish an Energy Audit
Step 1: Recruit a Competent Energy Auditing Provider:
The initial move is to find an experienced energy auditor
with certification from the Association of Energy Engineers (AEE), the Building
Performance Institute (BPI), or other recognized institutions.
The professional auditor will assess the HVAC system, the
electrical system, the structure envelope, and any additional energy-consuming
equipment within your facility to devise a local law 87 compliance consulting solution.
Step 2: Do an On-Site Tour:
The energy audit team will drop by the premises to evaluate
the state and functionality of its energy infrastructure. To find chances for
reductions in energy use, the auditor will examine utility statements, speak
with building administrators, and do inspections.
Step 3: Put Data Together and Conduct Analysis:
To find chances for savings on energy usage, the certified
energy auditor will assemble the data collected during the site inspection and
conduct a review of it.
The evaluation will involve comparing the structure's energy
consumption to comparable structures and locating suitable energy-saving
Step 4: Report Creation
The energy auditor will provide a thorough report
summarizing what was discovered during the audit. The report will comprise an
exhaustive list of ECMs along with cost-benefit evaluations, estimates of
energy savings, and setting up suggestions.
Local Law 87 Compliance Solutions: Energy Audit & Retro-Commissioning
The local law 87 compliance solutions paper contains a full
description of the specifications for the energy audit and retro-commissioning,
which can be summed up as follows:
- List every possible action that might decrease the
building's running expenses.
- For every measure, determine the yearly savings,
deployment expenses, and payback timeframes.
- Check the uniformity of the building data collected from
- Classification of energy use by system and estimation of
energy use following the adoption of the suggested solutions.
- An overall analysis of how tenant-owned large equipment
affects the energy usage of the basic building systems.
- Procedures for calibration, sequencing, and operation.
- Maintenance and upkeep
- Instruction and record-keeping
The local law 87 Energy Efficiency Report (EER), which needs
to be presented within the year indicated by the final digit of the tax
identification number belonging to the building, is produced using the data
from the audit of energy efficiency and retro-commissioning.
Local Law 87 NYC Penalties & Fines
A violation or breach is the inevitable outcome of non-submission
and carries a $3,000 first-year fee and a $5,000 annual fine afterward. Local law 87 must be
upheld, and the Department of Buildings considers non-compliance to be a class
2 offense. Additionally, the DOB plans to assess the legal documentation that
has been filed randomly.
Energy Audit & Retro-Commissioning: What Benefits Do They Entail?
- Energy expenses might be considered in buildings that
squander energy. The faster you devise a compliance solution, the more money
you can save on energy expenses.
- An energy-efficient structure improves both its own and
its occupants' comfort while preserving interior air quality. It elevates the
resale value of the structure and aids in achieving an excellent occupancy
- It's critical to conduct a complete analysis of your
structure and find any energy waste because NYC Local Law 97 restricts
greenhouse gas emissions from structures.
NYC Local Law 87 Compliance Filing
The first filing charge for NYC Local Law 87 conformity is as low as $375; further fees of $155 for petitions for extensions and $145 for essential report revisions are subsequently added.
It's a modest fee to pay to maintain good status with the
city, save money on energy expenditures, and prevent having your building
permits denied as opposed to the expenses involved with non-compliance.
Picking the Right Local Law 87 Provider in NYC
To individuals with little experience in an energy audit and
retro-commissioning, the task of finding a specialist can look difficult. How
should you phrase your questions? How would you know whether they can assist
you in lowering your carbon footprint to the required levels by 2030 and/or
2024 to comply with LL97?
No worries! Here is an array of inquiries you can pose to
prospective providers to arrive at an informed choice, maximize the benefits of
LL87 compliance, and prepare for LL97 compliance.
- When did you start offering LL87 services?
- How soon can you execute the retro-commissioning and
energy audit I need?
- Have you recently hired any Registered Architects (RA) or
Professional Engineers (PE)?
- What method do you use for energy audits and
- What should you do after completing the LL87 energy audit
- What strategy do you use for high-performance structures?
Here are the requirements for LL87's energy audit and
- Identify whether a building requires to conform and the
- Perform an energy audit, retro-commission the fundamental
building systems, and digitally finish the Energy Efficiency Report (EER).
- By December 31 of each decade, deliver the EER to the
You don't have to feel confused after reading about these
prerequisites. Enjoy a relaxed state of mind knowing that your facility
complies by working with a qualified group of skilled HVAC professionals, like
Frequently Asked Questions â€“
What exactly is an energy audit?
An energy efficiency audit reviews a building's operations,
systems, exterior, and energy-related equipment. It pinpoints areas for
improving energy efficiency and makes suggestions for energy-saving tactics.
Why do you need to perform an energy audit?
- It determines all practical steps, such as capital
improvements, that should reduce the energy use of your building.
- It checks whether the comparative results correspond with
the EPA Portfolio Manager tool.
- It tells the anticipated energy savings following the
adoption of the suggested actions.
What is the purpose of a retro-commissioning evaluation?
Following careful analysis, testing, and repairs,
retro-commissioning ensures that every system operates effectively, saving
energy and the owner's money.