To get your point over in a persuasive essay, you'll need more than simply a viewpoint. Even the most forceful position will fall flat if it isn't well-structured and supported by sound logic and facts. In this simple step-by-step tutorial, learn what aspects an argumentative essay should have and how to format it based on your audience.
What Is an Argumentative Essay?
An argumentative essay is a piece of writing in which you take a position on a topic. A strong argumentative essay seeks to persuade readers to comprehend and accept a writer's point of view on a topic by articulating their reasoning and giving evidence to support it.
Writing an argumentative essay is a popular task for high school and college students. Argumentative essay themes are typically connected to science, technology, politics, and health care.
In addition, for a well-written essay you should know how to correctly gather and organize information related to your topic.
How To Outline an Argumentative Essay in 4 Steps
Argumentative essays should have a simple framework so that readers can follow them. An argumentative essay's purpose is to clearly lay out a point of view, logic, and evidence. This is the framework of an excellent argumentative essay:
The first paragraph. The first paragraph of your essay should declare your thesis, explain the issue, offer background information needed to comprehend your argument, and outline the evidence you will present.
The thesis statement - This is the first sentence of your paragraph. Your primary idea and assertion are summarised in one phrase.
Body paragraphs - The reasons why you defend your thesis are explained in three or more paragraphs in a typical argumentative essay. Each body paragraph should address a new concept or piece of evidence and include a subject sentence that explains why the reader should agree with your perspective in a clear and simple manner. In the body paragraphs, you'll support your ideas using examples, research, statistics, studies, and text citations. Address opposing viewpoints and either debunk or explain why you differ. Presenting facts and evaluating a matter from all sides can help you build credibility and win a reader's confidence.
Conclusion - Single paragraph that reiterates your thesis and summarises all of your body paragraphs' arguments. A good ending will appeal to the reader's emotions rather than adding fresh facts or arguments. In certain circumstances, authors will utilise a personal tale to demonstrate how the issue impacts them personally.
How to Write a Thesis Statement in 3 Steps
The most significant aspect of your argumentative essay is your thesis statement, which is simply one phrase long. The thesis, which occurs in the first paragraph of your argumentative essay, summarises the topic and prepares the reader for what's to come. These steps will assist you in conveying your message clearly and concisely:
Make the issue into a question and respond to it. In the headline of your essay or inside the first few phrases, pose a huge question. Then, in your thesis statement, work your way up to addressing that question. For instance, in your title or introduction, you may ask, "What is the finest sort of sandwich?" Then respond with your thesis statement: "Peanut butter and jelly sandwiches are the finest." This strategy is effective because interesting questions entice readers to keep reading to find out the solution.
State an argumentâ€” after that, contradict it. Introduce a concept that contradicts your beliefs and explain why you disagree with it right away. "While some people think peanut butter and jelly sandwiches are too basic, they're adaptable sandwiches that can easily be transformed into a gourmet supper," for example. This strategy is powerful since it relies on evidence and establishes your credibility right away.
Outline your primary ideas briefly - Introduce your primary point and explain how you intend to support it. "You can make a peanut butter and jelly sandwich into a gourmet lunch by using artisanal bread, toasting it, and adding other toppings," for example. This strategy is helpful since it provides readers with a clear picture of everything you'll be discussing throughout your essay. It also acts as a road map to help you stay organised and on schedule.
5 Types of Argument Claims
Consider how you'll deliver your argument once you've decided what you're debating and have a thesis statement. There are five different forms of argument claims that may be used to propel your essay:
The truth or falsity of the assertion.
Meaning: both the dictionary definition and your own personal understanding of what you're talking about.
The significance of what you're arguing.
Cause and effect: explain what causes the problem in your essay and the consequences.
Policy: Why should the reader care and what should they do after reading?
3 Main Types of Arguments and How to Use Them
An argumentative essay may be structured in three ways. To create your persuasive paper, pick one or combine the following ideas:
Classical - Establish the major argument, express your perspective, and try your utmost to persuade the reader that your stance is correct. This is the most common approach for forming an argument since it is the simplest path of thought to follow. It is also known as Aristotelian. It works well when your audience does not have a lot of information or a strong opinion about your issue since it lays out the facts plainly and concisely.
Rogerian - Introduce the problem, accept the opposing viewpoint, establish your position, and explain why yours is the most advantageous to the reader. Because it respects all viewpoints and provides the centre ground, this form of argument is excellent for divisive issues.
Toulmin - Offer your claim, then present grounds to support it, and finally demonstrate why the grounds are related to the claim. This form of argument is similarly useful for contentious issues, but instead of presenting both sides, it provides one, relying heavily on data given in such a way that the assertion is difficult to refute.