Artificial Intelligence of Things (AIoT) is leading the Future of Industry Innovation

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As Internet of Things (IoT) adoption sweeps across multiple industries, a new interest in Artificial Intelligence (AI) has emerged to complement IoT capabilities.

We're firmly in the midst of Industry 4.0, the fourth industrial revolution and next step in innovation. This monumental shift relies on the collaboration between IT systems, people, and digitally controlled production machines to reach a new level – and it's all driven by data.

Though IoT and AI are independent technologies with separate use cases that are revolutionary in their own right, the combination of the two – AioT – can bridge the gap to unleash their true capabilities.

 

What Is AIoT?

IoT devices have been a boon for industry, allowing businesses and users to leverage the internet to communicate, store, and exchange information. We have an unprecedented volume of data, and now IoT is a viable solution to collect and process it.

In just one day, IoT devices can gather one billion GB of data, and by 2025, it's expected that over 42 billion IoT devices will be in use all over the world.

Unfortunately, that data is all but useless if it can't be processed and analyzed for actionable insights – which is where AI comes in. AI's strength is in its ability to analyze data and discern patterns and anomalies much more efficiently than humans, ensuring that decisions based on that data can happen quickly.

AIoT relies on three key technologies:

- AI, which offers programmable functions and systems to support learning, reasoning, and processing that mimics human cognitive processes.

- 5G networks and their high-speed, low-latency communications for real-time data processing.

- Big data, which facilitates the collection of an incredible wealth of data from multiple connected sources.

Together, these technologies can revolutionize the way both users and businesses interact with the world.

 

Taking the Next Step with AIoT

With both AI and IoT as promising technologies seeing more adoption, the next step is to combine the two in digital transformation.

In the history of innovation, each step involved an evolution of existing technology to make processes more efficient. From the assembly line to industrial machinery to digitization, industrial processes became more and more advanced.

AI and IoT offer direct communication between machines and human-level cognition that can make decisions using historical and real-time data. Coupled with IoT technology, AI and machine learning allow businesses to analyze, predict, and adjust to changing conditions to stay agile and productive.

 

What Are the Core Concepts in AIoT?

IoT has five key capabilities:

- Storing data in a scalable storage system

- Collecting telemetry data from devices and sensors in a centralized location

- Processing and analyzing data sets

- Controlling devices based on best practices

- Analyzing the insights from data for rapid decisions

AI with IoT connects the controller and the device to identify patterns in telemetry data. Rather than gathering and transporting data to humans – often with delays – to come up with decisions, AI leverages data analytics to act independently for rapid results. AI acts as the brain or control of the system.

Along with augmented IoT devices with smart capabilities, AI can analyze data in batches in real time. Because this happens at the start and end points of the IoT spectrum, it can happen much faster.

Consider a camera with an image sensor. It would send the entire feed to humans to analyze and react to. With the help of AI, the camera would only send the frame that contains the image, minimizing delays and data overload.

AI is enhanced by neural networks and deep-learning models, which can react to critical conditions in real time and avoid significant consequences.

For example, AIoT in a manufacturing environment can identify significant errors in the systems that can lead to accidents and injuries. Instead of reporting this information to a human worker, AI can shut down the system directly to prevent disaster.

 

What Industries Are Using AIoT?

Both AI and IoT have an abundance of use cases. Together, they are revolutionizing several industries:

 

Smart Home

Smart homes are another common use case for consumers. Many people have IoT devices in their home in the form of smart thermostats, smart lighting systems, smart TVs, and smart appliances like refrigerators. These devices collect data to provide a consistently better experience for their user, whether that's a refrigerator assisting with grocery lists or a smart thermostat adjusting the temperature based on historic patterns.

There are numerous other ways that smart home features can enhance quality of life and optimize energy use. Lighting systems can track wake-and-sleep cycles to optimize sleep while a smart thermostat automatically cools to support deeper sleep.

And one of the biggest advantages is that this optimization often translates to lower energy bills and less energy consumption. Because of this, theglobal smart home market is expected to grow from $78,3 billion in 202 to $135.3 billion in 2025.

 

Smart Cities

Smart cities are similar to smart homes, but they operate on a city-wide level. With the world population continually growing, smart cities offer one of the most practical solutions to the challenges presented by urban population growth.

When cities are crowded, residents face issues with crowding, safety, air quality, and use of resources while city planners struggle with transportation, energy efficiency, waste disposal, and more. AIoT offers solutions to optimize the way a city operates, supporting environmental needs, public health needs, and the quality of life for individual residents.

For example, AIoT can be used to track traffic patterns and reroute traffic to limit congestion and reduce the risk of accidents. Smart buildings accommodate high populations while conserving energy and ensuring comfort using smart thermostats and lighting systems.

 

Smart Industry

Many industries are embracing new technologies to keep up with the competitive business world – even the traditional ones. But as more industries realize the benefits of efficient processes and lower risk of human error, AIoT is seeing wider use cases.

AIoT can be used to tackle a range of repetitive, time-consuming tasks to optimize production with a lower risk of errors that can be financially damaging. With humans relieved of these tasks, they're free to focus on tasks only humans can do – creativity and innovation.

There are numerous ways AIoT is being used in industrial settings, including smart devices, manufacturing automation, security, and more.

 

Automotive

AIoT has use cases in both vehicle manufacturing and directly with vehicles in the form of semi-autonomous and autonomous driving. Automotive manufacturing is using AIoT to assist in the production of vehicles to make it cheaper and more reliable.

For autonomous vehicles, AIoT is a necessary component of bringing this futuristic vision to life. Vehicles like Tesla rely on AI and IoT, with the sensors, cameras, and other technologies, to ensure that automated driving is safe and close to the decision-making capabilities of a human driver.

For example, human drivers take in a lot of information while driving, from street signs to traffic signals to nearby pedestrians. With an autonomous vehicle, there's no room for error with delays in decision making that could lead to an accident.

 

Video Surveillance

AI and IoT offer promise for video surveillance and security. In traditional video surveillance, human operators must track multiple video feeds to ensure security, so it's easy for suspicious activities to be overlooked or missed. Manual systems – and security – rely on limited attention, inconsistent reaction times, and subjectivity.

By combining machine learning algorithms with the feed of cameras to analyze data in real time, AIoT can detect objects, recognize people, and flag activities automatically for more comprehensive security. These systems are useful in industries like gaming or retail, which are more prone to theft and similar activities.

Another application for security is weapon detection or intruder alerts in certain environments. In this case, deep learning models enhance security with technologies like virtual fences. These sophisticated use cases can offer a lot of security on their own, but they also aid security personnel in performing their duties.

 

Medical Wearables

At the consumer level, IoT is commonly seen with medical wearables and similar technologies. Many people use performance trackers and smart watches, which leverage IoT to monitor and track habits, patterns, and user preferences to offer insights and make personalized recommendations.

In healthcare, medical wearables have greater uses. Beyond simple fitness tracking for casual users, medical wearables for healthcare providers can be used to track patients who need more in-depth monitoring, such as patients with chronic illnesses like heart disease or diabetes. Physicians can keep up with their patient's health with targeted data, rather than in-person appointments that happen every few months.

With AIoT, thewearable device market is expected to reach $81 billion in revenue by 2023.

 

Looking to the Future of AIoT

AIoT is making its way into the mainstream, offering promise for a safer, more optimized, and more connected future. By making decisions based on data without human intervention, AIoT can streamline processes and ensure rapid-fire reactions in a variety of situations that were once limited to human capabilities. 



Author Bio:

Guido Voigt

Guido Voigt is the Director of Engineering, at Lantronix, a global provider of turnkey solutions and engineering services for the internet of things (IoT). Guido's and Lantronix's goal is to enable their customers to provide intelligent, reliable, and secure IoT and OOBM solutions while accelerating time to market.

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